Polityka Społeczne (Social Policy) 2020/07

  • Review of working conditions on employment platforms. Report for the European Union
    Employment platforms are a new, rapidly growing form of employment. Its specificity is based on modern electronic communication technology. Thanks to the digitization of the labor market, it is possible to establish and use unlimited legally unregulated factual ties when providing work-based services. Employment conditions not controlled by work on platforms pose a challenge to the protective labor standards commonly binding on the common EU labor market. The author analyzes - in terms of the challenges arising from the fourth industrial revolution - the report on employment conditions on job platforms, presented to the European Union in 2020.
  • Social rights of Poles in the United Kingdom after Brexit
    The process of withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union (Brexit) has certainly had various consequences in terms of social security. It is therefore worth looking at the issue of the social rights of Poles in the United Kingdom (and also, complementarily and comparatively, of the British in Poland) after the formal completion of this process. The aim of the article is to present the situation after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU in a nutshell from this angle, taking into account the current transition period and the prospects for negotiating an agreement (s) on future relations between the parties. The rights in question were maintained during the transitional period, but their status after its expiry remains an open question.
  • Creating a healthy and active aging policy in Poland, the Czech Republic and Bulgaria
    The populations of Central and Eastern Europe are entering a period of rapid aging. Increasingly numerous elderly cohorts experience problems related to deteriorating health and functional limitations, which creates pressure for a response from the health and social policy of the state. The article is based on materials collected in two international projects: CEQUA LTC Network and Pro-Health 65+ and its aim is to review the policies on healthy and active aging formulated in the recent decades in the Czech Republic, Bulgaria and Poland. The announced programs in the field of health promotion are aimed at improving the health and well-being of the population, referring to the concept of healthy aging in relation to health risks, prevention of chronic diseases and disability in old age. In parallel, in the social sector, strategies and programs refer to the concepts of active aging, participation of older people in society, creating an age-friendly environment and expanding the network of services supporting the elderly. The implementation of these assumptions is influenced by limited financial resources, low awareness of the problems of the elderly population in the local environment and the lack of local resources to create appropriate infrastructure. The effectiveness of program implementation is also influenced by the sectoral nature of the measures implemented and the insufficient coordination of activities.
  • Rewarding and motivating employees as an important element of company management. Job Crafting - a new method of building commitment and sense of work
    The changing socio-economic situation requires companies to create new solutions in the field of human resource management, while keeping in mind the diversity of employees. Nowadays, companies wanting to achieve market success and maximize profits must take into account many factors, both internal and external. Undoubtedly, the most valuable asset of any organization is human capital, which is why it is so important to implement correct actions that combine the interests of the employee and the employer. The main purpose of this article is to present the issue of remuneration and motivating employees as an important element influencing the process of managing the enterprise. Particular attention was paid to the role played by the above instruments in the employee management process. The study focuses on discussing the above spheres, because both areas determine the creation of development concepts in an organization and influence the shaping of long-term development plans. The article attempts to answer two hypotheses contained in the introduction. The last part of the text describes a new method of building employee engagement and sense of work, which is job crafting.
  • The subsistence minimum and the subsistence minimum in 2019 - annual average data
    The article presents the estimates of the subsistence minimum and the subsistence minimum in 2019. Both these indicators are important for assessing the condition of households. The subsistence minimum determines the model way of satisfying the needs at the minimum level below which there is a biological threat to life. In turn, the subsistence level represents the model household costs of living, which are starting to be threatened by the sphere of scarcity. Between these two extremes lies the sphere of scarcity, in various respects. In 2019, the subsistence minimum in a single-person household increased by 4.3%, and the subsistence minimum by 3.8%, with an inflation of 2.3%. Under these conditions, various poverty indicators in Poland decreased compared to 2018.

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