- Category: Aura Ochrona Środowiska
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- Extended producer responsibility in the management of packaging and packaging waste
Poland, as a member state of the European Union, is obliged to achieve very high levels of recycling in relation to packaging waste produced in our country. One of the tools to achieve this extremely ambitious goal is the Extended Producer Responsibility (ROP) mechanism, which is to ensure proper financing of the Polish system of collection, transport and recycling of packaging waste.
- Analysis of the activity of beavers in the Zawoja catchment, in the village of Krzywa (Beskid Niski)
Bobry, despite unfavorable living conditions in mountain areas, constitute an important element of the landscape of the Low Beskids, influencing the increase in biodiversity and changes in water retention. The main purpose of this article is to analyze two feeding grounds in the Zawoja catchment, in the Wisłoka basin in the Low Beskids, and to determine the directions of changes in the natural environment caused by the activity of beavers. Beavers in the analyzed sections of the streams changed their morphology, mainly due to dug holes and underground corridors that modified the shoreline. The presence of beavers influenced the restoration of the river valley and an increase in the aesthetic and recreational values of the Wisłoka valley
- Protection of biodiversity in Poland in the light of statistical data
Biodiversity - as already emphasized in the previous AURA issue - means the diversity of living organisms occurring on Earth in all environments. It is generally divided into genetic diversity (within species, i.e. intraspecific), between species, and the diversity of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. as well as in their ecological teams. Biodiversity and the maintenance of natural values is of fundamental importance for many areas of economic activity and, of course, for ecological reasons. On the other hand, the loss of biodiversity in ecosystems poses a threat to the population and economy, or even to the proper functioning of the Earth as a planet full of life as we understand it today.
- The Baltic is dying because of the "black gold of agriculture"
Poland is largely responsible for the progressive eutrophication and degradation of the Baltic Sea, where nearly half of the nutrients flowing into the waters (nitrogen and phosphorus) come from. Polish agriculture plays a significant role in this. EU law tries to limit the growing amount of nitrates that end up in the waters as a result of the increasing intensification of livestock farming. After more than 25 years of attempts to introduce EU standards and the conviction of the European Court of Justice, Poland is still unable to properly reconcile the interests of farmers and the ecological safety of the Baltic Sea. Everyone is losing. Perhaps these are the last years of bathing in the Baltic Sea.