Polityka Społeczna (Social Policy) 2019/09
Category: Polityka Społeczna
Published: Tuesday, 22 October 2019 21:24
Written by Editor
- Rental of apartments on social terms in the context of changes in the housing policy model in Poland (1-7)
The subject of the article is the rental of apartments as a housing aid for low- and very low-income households in Poland. Providing assistance under the two currently used forms of lease is the municipalities' own task. Currently, legal changes are being introduced in Poland, giving municipalities the opportunity to be more flexible in creating and managing housing resources. The aim of the article is to answer two questions: what are the effects and potential of the abovementioned changes in the scope of implementation of the task of housing demarginalization of low- and very low-income households and does current housing policy lead to a change in its model? The National Housing Program, which contains legitimate goals and solutions, has not yet brought measurable effects in the form of increasing the scale of social housing creation or improving the provision of housing assistance to low- and very low-income households. We are still dealing rather with the inertia of the old housing assistance policy, which, moreover, brings good results, but in the market sector. The new programs, which have been accelerating in recent months, bring with them significant potential for beneficial changes for the poor. An analysis of the direction of these changes leads to the conclusion that the model of Polish housing assistance policy is changing towards greater selectivity of assistance and limiting it to indigent people.
- Aging society as a challenge for public employment services in Poland (8-13)
The aim of the article is to analyze the potential of labor offices and their initiatives undertaken in the conditions of decreasing available labor resources on the regional labor market based on a case study of the voivodeship. Pomeranian. The current formal and institutional conditions of employment offices operating in a decentralized local government structure create both numerous opportunities and significant limitations for the adequate and consistent adaptation of the offer of services in connection with changing social and market needs. The article is a voice in the discussion on the desired direction of changes that should be adopted by public employment services in the near future.
- Social minimum in the first quarter of 2019 (13-15)
From 2019, periodic estimates of the social minimum will be estimated not in the last months of a given quarter, but in the quarters. The article presents estimates of the social minimum in the first quarter of 2019. During this period, in conditions of price stagnation, the values of the social minimum increased from 1.3% to 1.4%. The main reason for the increase in the value of baskets was higher food valuation.
Counteracting social exclusion of older people in cognition through organized forms of recreation (15-20)
Initiatives to counteract the social exclusion of older people are interdisciplinary and relate to such areas as: professional activation, educational, social, cultural and health-oriented activities. It is emphasized that the demographic aging process will be uneven, shaping the demographic structure of urban residents to a greater extent. This indicates a potentially greater demand for various forms of support for the oldest inhabitants of cities. The purpose of the article is to present the significance of the Poznań preventive program of the AWF Senior Trainer in the context of counteracting social fraud, undertaking intergenerational initiatives and improving the health of the elderly through organized physical activity. This issue was carried out on the basis of an analysis of the literature on the subject and the qualitative research method carried out using the technique of focus group interviews. The main motivations for seniors to participate in the program are related to the improvement of health potential and the possibility of free participation in organized sports and recreation activities. Based on the opinions of participants and trainers, a picture emerges of the very positive impact of the program on both health and social functioning of the oldest inhabitants of Poznań.
- The scope of cooperation between a family assistant and a social worker (21-26)
In the era of contemporary transformations of social life, interest in the issues of help and support provided to children and families in their living environment is growing more and more often. People who are professionally involved in supporting families in difficult life situations are a family assistant and a social worker. The model of mutual actions targeted at families they propose will help them improve their functioning and achieve well-understood well-being. There is therefore no doubt that the area of influence of a social worker and assistant should be both coherent and flexible so that social problems, customer peculiarities and the specificity of individual tasks facing these professions fit into the process of professional support of modern families . Therefore, both the family assistant and social worker should undertake consistent coping strategies at work and look for opportunities for interdisciplinary cooperation in the following areas: 1) education and professional development; 2) methodical action in the aspect of diagnosis implementation and the use of common work tools, i.e. social projects; 3) the values and characteristics of professionally helping people conditioning the quality of support provided.
- Working time analysis in Western Europe (26-31)
The article addresses the issue of actual working time in Western Europe, which is considered a region in which relatively little work is done. Although the average working time in this part of the world is short compared to other OECD countries, the reason for this phenomenon is largely the polarization of the working time distribution and the associated high percentage of people working in short and long hours. Working time schedules differ depending on the gender and the country analyzed. While in the case of short hours, the possibility of combining work and family responsibilities is of great importance, which translates into the over-representation of women in this group of workers, so the determinants of long-term work for both sexes remain different or act in opposite directions.
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