• The practical application of the Lop and Risk Graph method in assigning SIL requirements for safety functions in modern industrial facilities (4)
    In the world of the fourth industrial revolution, it is impossible to imagine a modern supercritical or gas-steam block, installation of a chemical or petrochemical process, or even a machine that does not would be equipped with sophisticated security systems. The article presents selected methods of determining force requirements and compares their usefulness in specific types of objects.
  • ISO 19443 management system for suppliers of the nuclear sector (9)
    The Polish Energy Program provides for the construction and commissioning of the first nuclear unit in Poland in 2033. ISO 19443: 2018 is a standard dedicated to organizations that participate in the supply chain for the nuclear energy sector . In addition to the requirements of the ISO 9001 standard, dealing with the requirements for quality management systems, it contains additional requirements specific to the nuclear sector.
  • Drones of the Office of Technical Inspection (UDT) support inspections of fuel tanks SHELL Polska (12)
    SHELL is an international energy company with specialized skills and knowledge in the field of exploration, production, refining and marketing of crude oil and natural gas, as well as the production and sale of chemical products. SHELL decided to supply energy in a responsible manner, taking care of the safety of employees, contractors, local communities and the natural environment.
  • The scope of authorizations required in the performance of works related to the installation and operation of heat pumps (18)
    The growing awareness of the need to protect the climate and the environment and the resulting EU and national aid programs, as well as the systematic increase in the prices of individual types of energy carriers are the main reasons for the increasing popularity of renewable sources. In recent years, this phenomenon concerned mainly photovoltaic systems in our country, but central heating and hot water installations using heat pumps are becoming more and more popular.
  • Calibration of UV-A meters and lux meters (22)
    The increase in customer requirements related to the quality of materials, joints, products and continuous efforts to reduce the operating costs of devices forced the use of non-destructive testing both in production processes and during the operation of technical devices.
  • Properties of the repair joint of 13HMF steel after 230,000 hours of operation in creep conditions (25)
    Long-term operation of power equipment entails the necessity to perform operational repairs using welded joints of materials with a degraded structure or elements made of new pipes with already used ones. This applies in particular to boiler components and entire steam pipeline installations operating above the creep temperature limit, i.e. slow, continuous deformation over time, ultimately resulting in cracking.
  • Safety valves - causes of fracture of bodies (28)
    For many years, broadly understood material engineering has been used by experts to raise the level of technical safety, combining the research of the existing states of matter with the production of new ones, desired for specific applications. The analysis of the structure of materials and their properties, e.g. from working parts of devices, in connection with the working environment gives answers about the causes of failures and methods of their further prevention. It is an indispensable element of the analysis of the safe operation of devices and installations.
  • Preparation of documentation for the modernization of automation in practice - part 2 (35)
    In the next article in the series on practical information useful in the development of technical documentation for modernization, the author presents the requirements for identification data and project parameters. The guidelines were developed for example of the documentation of the modernization of automation, and more specifically the safety automatics used in steam or water boilers.
  • Choosing a lift installation - solution analysis (39)
    Installing a new lift in an existing shaft is one way to increase safety and reduce energy consumption. In previous articles it was written that the issue should be approached through the performance of an expert opinion. It consists of several stages, from conducting an environmental interview and reviewing the documentation of the lift and the building, through the assessment of the suitability for use by disabled people and the analysis of energy efficiency, to the selection of design solutions that should be used in the future lift.
  • World specifications for pressure equipment (42)
    The article presents the American technical specification for API Specyfication 15HR plastic pipelines. The specification was developed by the American Petroleum Institute.
  • Radio control of handling equipment (45)
    Radio control is a control system consisting of a transmitter and a receiver communicating with each other by means of electromagnetic waves at a fixed frequency. Nowadays, using radio waves, we can control practically most of the processes of our life, from simple applications of turning on the light in a room, to controlling satellites in space. Radio control systems can also be found in devices subject to technical supervision.
  • Amendments to the Noise Directive NOISE 2000/14/EC (48)
    The main objective of Directive 2000/14/EC, in force since 3 January 2002, is to reduce noise emissions from equipment in order to protect the health and well-being of citizens, as well as the environment. The review of the implementation and application of this Directive conducted by the European Commission in 2017 to 2020 revealed a number of critical aspects that had a negative impact on the functioning of this Directive.
  • The work of the group of notified bodies under the EMC Directive 2014/30/EU (50)
    The Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive is addressed to manufacturers, importers and distributors of electrical and electronic equipment. The directive entered into force on 20 April 2016.
  • Events (52)

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