Polityka Społeczna (Social Policy) 2020/02
Category: Polityka Społeczna
Published: Friday, 10 April 2020 09:46
Written by Editor
- International labor standards in the global economy: past, present and future (1-9)
The International Labor Organization (ILO) was created as a result of a reform project aimed at improving working conditions in the face of a wave of revolutionary movements that rolled during and after World War I. In its 100-year history, the ILO has created a coherent and comprehensive system of minimum international labor standards, contained primarily in its conventions and recommendations, together with a supervision mechanism and technical assistance in the application and control of compliance with these standards. ILO standards or norms are generally applicable, irrespective of the country's level of development, culture, tradition and category of employee employment or type of enterprise. Conventions recognized as fundamental by the International Labor Organization are treated on an equal footing with human rights. They must be respected and promoted by all ILO member states, regardless of whether they are ratified or not. The purpose of ILO labor standards is to establish effective allowable levels of wages, working hours, employment conditions and social services for all countries competing in the global economy to prevent social dumping and ensure fair and stable globalization. Significance of standards grew along with the successive stages of the growth of global interdependence and economic integration, driven by multinational enterprises, through transnational supply chains and trade agreements. Numerous empirical evidence indicates that compliance with the ILO principles has economic, social and political benefits.
- 100 years of ILO as a context for discussions about the future of work (10-21)
The authors of the article describe the impact of the International Labor Organization (ILO) on the functioning of the labor market. His indicators in Poland are constantly improving, but the focus is shifted to other aspects, for example from unemployment to professional activity. However, the changing world conditions set new challenges for the organization, which require a proper response. Technological changes can cause great changes that will leave many people out of the labor market. At the end of the article, the authors present reform proposals regarding the quality of work and the functioning of the labor market.
- A look at the present and future of labor law and labor relations in Central and Eastern Europe (21-28)
The aim of the article is to look at recent labor law reforms in several selected countries of Central and Eastern Europe and to examine the way in which the formula containing the standard employment relationship and the dynamics of collective bargaining processes changed. The first part discusses policy objectives and factors stimulating legal changes that have influenced and led recent labor law reforms in the subregion. The scope of the analysis also covered external influences shaping new visions in the field of policy and corrective actions. The second part analyzes the latest trends in regulating standard and non-standard employment relationships, as well as collective agreements as determinants of working and employment conditions. New approaches to the implementation of guidelines for collective bargaining, including party autonomy and preferential treatment were also examined. The third part aims to examine what the future will look like if we follow the paths paved by the work of the ILO World Commission on the Future of Labor, with particular regard to the universal guarantee of employment. Finally, a number of conclusions have been drawn based on the data and policies analyzed.
- Social minimum in the third quarter of 2019 (28-31)
The article discusses estimates of the minimum subsistence baskets in the third quarter of 2019. The dynamics of basket values were slightly higher than the increase in inflation - the increase in baskets in a one-person and four-person household by 0.8% and 0.7%, respectively, with a CPI of 0.3% in relation to until the second quarter. The growth of baskets was largely influenced by the prices of food in the basket. They increased by 1.4% - twice as fast as inflation for this group of needs (0.7%). The prices of fruit (by 3.3%), vegetables except potatoes (by 3.1%) and cereal products (by 1.1%) increased the most. The rise in food prices was reinforced by drought.
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