Polityka Społeczna (Social Policy) 2020/01
Category: Polityka Społeczna
Published: Wednesday, 08 April 2020 10:10
Written by Editor
- European social model and international organization of work - beginnings and changes (1-11)
The article describes cooperation between the International Labor Organization and new European institutions after World War II, mainly the Council of Europe and the European Economic Community, in the field of social security. At the center of interest is the ILO Convention No. 102 (from 1952) and the ILO report entitled The Ohlin Report (1956) and how they co-shaped the evolution of the European social model in the long term. The second part of the article presents the development of the model against the background of paradigm changes that took place in the 1970s, from Keynesian policy to neoliberal policy. Given the divergences in social policy between the ILO and the EU that began in the 1960s, it outlines the later effects of changing the paradigm in formulating social policy in the (new) 'competing state' in which welfare (the European social model) was no longer an end but a means to improve economic performance.
- Let's confirm the words with deeds: The right to social security and social protection - arguments for a new international convention (11-20)
The human right to social security entered international law in the middle of the last century. In 2012, the International Labor Conference took the last step towards making this right more concrete by adopting Recommendation 202 on the minimum scope of social protection. Shortly afterwards, in 2015, the global community of nations adopted the goals of sustainable development, which include a comprehensive social protection agenda. Together, these two instruments set global social protection goals that are accessible to all people. The article presents arguments that the ILO or UN must take the next step and transform "soft" instruments of recommendations and objectives into "hard" instruments, and to develop a new convention on universal access to at least a minimum range of social protection to create a real guarantee for the right to social security and hinder the reversal of social progress achieved.
- The role of ILO standards in shaping social protection in southern countries around the world: the example of Brazil (21-30)
The article presents the activities of the International Labor Organization for the benefit of the countries of the South in the world, with Brazil being the main reference point. Because the ILO changed its paradigm in the course of a hundred years of operation, the policy towards the countries of the South in the world has also changed. Brazil is a country often referred to in ILO reports as an example of good practice, which means that it is a country that has helped millions of its inhabitants get out of poverty. Studies have shown that ILO standards can be more easily achieved when other important conditions are met: particularly good economic conditions and a government conducive to social change, as well as an active civil society seeking reform and change.
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