Polityka Społeczna (Social Policy) 2019/01

  • New untypical forms of employment in the post-industrial era (1-11)
    The author discusses the specificity of the functioning of the labor platform in the European Union and in the United States. Presents and analyzes the tripartite relationship between the entity or the person ordering the performance of services, the work platform and the implementer - the employed person. It presents the dominant concept of work performed not in the legal framework of an employment relationship, but self-employment carried out by individual entrepreneurs acting on their own account. He emphasizes that those who perform work on the basis of civil law contracts for a specific task or order are not entitled to benefits regulated by the provisions of the labor law. For this reason, the author is considering the possibility of recognizing as employees of the work platform people who work for its clients, ordering the service through it.
  • Women's social citizenship and social policy - through empowerment rights? (11-17)
    The article is an attempt to present the important role of social policy in determining the place of women in society, changing under the influence of extending social rights. It has been assumed that the concept of social citizenship varies and depends on the model of a welfare state. In order to show this relationship symbolically three separate stages in Polish social policy were symbolized: the interwar period, the period of the PRL and the stage initiated in the 1990s. The article used descriptive and comparative-critical methods, reaching to the work of various authors. Equal principles at the level of legal standards have always been present in social policy in Poland. At the level of practice, their implementation is not yet completed.
  • Competences of social workers in the light of the services provided (18-24)
    The quality of services for people using social assistance depends largely on the level of competence of social workers. The aim of the article is to assess the current level of competence of social workers in the context of social assistance tasks and customer expectations, as well as to present employees' opinions on their level of competence. The article uses the materials of organizations dealing with the professional preparation of social workers and the results of several surveys conducted in social assistance centers. The assessment of competences shows that social and soft competences related to employee internal motivation and character traits are most useful when implementing social services. At the same time, social workers assess their level of appropriation low. Therefore, during the preparation of professional social workers, you need to pay more attention to them.
  • Voucher for settlement - selected legal and statistical aspects (25-30)
    The aim of the article is to analyze legal acts regulating the functioning of one of the newest instruments for combating unemployment, which is a settlement voucher, as well as discussing its actual functioning and presenting the characteristics of beneficiaries. The text also includes an initial evaluation of this instrument along with an indication of possible gaps and proposed changes. It has been shown that the voucher is a benefit for quasi-unemployed, i.e. people who have previously found employment benefit from it and the voucher is an additional bonus for mobility for them. A weak positive correlation between the unemployment rate and the number of bills awarded was also shown, which means that the service may be a form of support for a literal escape from unemployment and a difficult situation on the local labor market.
  • Scope and results of pension reforms in Chile, Poland and Sweden after the financial crisis 2007-2008 (25-29)
    The financial crisis of 2007 and 2008 affected, in one way or another, pension systems in many countries. The article aims to analyze the changes introduced in the area of pension security for three OECD countries: Chile, Poland and Sweden. The article focuses on the basic assumptions of previous reforms carried out in the above-mentioned countries. The most important solutions introduced in selected pension systems after the crisis were also discussed. It was also examined how these changes influenced the position of individual countries in the prestigious global ranking of pension systems, announced since 2009 by the Australian Center for Financial Studies and the global consultancy firm Mercer.
  • Abolition of the upper limit of the basis for calculating contributions to pension and disability insurance - legal and economic issues (37-40)
    The abolition of the upper limit for the basis for calculating premiums for pension and disability insurance will have consequences both for the social security system, as well as the labor market and the national retirement market. Unfortunately, this influence will have a negative character. The abolition of the limit will weaken the principle of social solidarity, adversely affect the financial state of the social insurance fund in the long term and will disturb the functioning of the labor market and will jeopardize the functioning of the national retirement market. The aim of the article is to indicate the above threats and their long-term consequences. The analysis was based on the formal-dogmatic method and the method of economic law analysis.

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