Polityka Społeczna (Social Policy) 2018/09

  • Information
    • Social policy 2.0. In search of a new shape of the welfare state.
    • A memory about Henryk Białczyński
  • From scientific research
    • "Social biography" of Polish boomers, or how social policy shaped the course of life of this generation (1-7)
      The article presents a synthetic description and evaluation of social policy conducted in Poland, the beneficiary of which was the post-war demographic boom. In the analysis, the author combined two research perspectives: the life cycle and the course of life. Baby boom was defined as cohorts born in 1948-1959. The period of analysis of social policy and its impact on particular phases of life of the studied generation covers the years 1948-2018. The author showed that unifying the life cycle of high-pressure cohorts was favored by the dissemination of free social services (mainly educational and health) and financial benefits. The main factors differentiating their social biography are: place of residence (city - village), sex, year of birth, level of education and being subject to industry privileges.
    • Generation "sandwich generation" in the current of demographic changes (7-12)
      The aging of societies has become a global problem and affects the majority of countries in the world, especially highly developed countries. By 2050, the average life expectancy of the world's population will increase by almost eight years. This shows a great social progress, but also raises specific problems. Demographic data provides very important information that should be the basis for planning health, care and activation activities. The greatest burden of care for aging parents is usually taken by women. The difficult situation of the group known as sandwich generation is underlined more and more often today, which has been "trapped" in expectations and help for adult children and old parents. The article refers to the demographic problems of the world and the key definitions of active aging and aging. Pilot studies give a picture of the difficult situation of the generation of sandwich generation and are a contribution to the discussion of emerging social problems.
    • Recognition in social welfare. Activities of social workers in the light of the Street-Level Bureaucracy concept (12-19)
      The article discusses the tactics of social workers in the selection of support for clients of social assistance centers in Poland. The author refers to the concept of Street-Level Bureaucracy developed by Martin Lipsky and presents the results of qualitative research carried out with social workers in 2015-2017. Project results indicate the occurrence of the phenomenon of creaming in social assistance, which has a significant impact on the form and scope of support provided. In addition, the strategies of social workers are diversified due to the resources and way of work organization in the social welfare center.
    • Convictions of help workers on the elderly (19-24)
      The aim of the study was to diagnose the beliefs of aid workers about the elderly. The studies took into account the convictions of help workers on the functioning of older people in five areas: the labor market, health service, social welfare, in the area of family life and the wider social environment. As a result of the research, it turned out that the opinions of help workers about the elderly are divided and even contradictory. On the one hand, they think, for example, that seniors are competent employees, and on the other, that they should retire after exceeding the retirement age. In many of the analyzed aspects, it was difficult to express an unambiguous opinion.
    • The international PATHWAYS project as a tool for the integration and reintegration of people with chronic diseases and mental health disorders (24-29)
      The aim of the article is to present the PATHWAYS project, which aims to identify strategies for integration and reintegration of people suffering from chronic diseases in Europe and to create recommendations for the implementation of effective professional integration and reintegration programs. The project is based on combining many research methods and techniques, including content analysis, analysis of existing data, individual interviews with experts or surveys with experts and people suffering from chronic diseases. There are regulations in Poland regarding persons with a disability certificate and their situation on the labor market. There are no solutions aimed at people suffering from chronic diseases, including people with mental health problems. The PATHWAYS project is needed to fill the information gap for both the experts and the beneficiaries of the system.
    • Social security of veterans suffering in missions outside the state (29-35)
      The subject of the article is the social security of mission veterans outside the state. Until 2011, disabled soldiers could not count on the expected state aid. Currently, the situation of the veterans of the victims is much better than before the entry into force of the provisions of the Law on veterans. The act was passed thanks to the social capital of soldiers, including members of non-governmental organizations. The research problem put in the article is "Has the social security of veterans of the aggrieved changed since the adoption of the veterans' act in 2011?". The subject of the analysis are interviews conducted on a sample of 32 veterans.
    • Social minimum in March and June 2018 (35-37)
      The article presents estimates of the subsistence minimum for the conditions from March and June 2018. The value of baskets from March increased from 1% in 4-person farms to 2% in a 2-person adult farm. In June, minimum baskets grew from 1% on a single-person pensioner's farm to 1.8% on farms with one child.

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