The right to social security in the context of the cost of polish social insurance (1) The right to social s ecurity is implemented primarily through the social security system - the basic public program implementing social security in Poland. Social insurance is implemented by the Social Insurance Fund, ie the state-owned special purpose fund, which is managed by the Social Insurance Institution. Its funds are primarily used for the payment of social security benefits. The implementation of the social security law has a specific financial dimension. The answer to the question of how much the implementation of this law requires is systemic analysis and evaluation.
Informal economy in the micro and small - sized enterprise sector. Economic and social context. Polish perspective (7) The paper raises two issues. Firstly, it expalins the reasons why informal economy provides opportunities for functioning of companies and labor force that are marginaliized in the formal sector. Secondly, it deals with the conditions under which regulatory mechanisms in the underground economy act effectively. Special attention is paid to the existing networks of social ties.
Social demand for dwellings for low and very low income households in present-day Poland (10) The subject of the article is social demand for council dwellings for low and very low income households in present-day Poland. The factors increasing and decreasing that demand which haven't been taken into account in a governmental estimate are presented in it. There is a statistical surplus of number of dwellings in comparison with number of households in Poland and at the same time exist large housing shortage. The phenomenon is caused, among other factors, by great number of uninhabited flats (over 1 million). In the article are also undertaken issues of regime principles of public housing policy and characteristics of assisted housing.
Foreigners as patients in the Polish Health Care System - Legal situation (17) The aim of the analize was to present demographic and the legal situation of foreigners as patients in the Polish health care system. Research was based on legal documents and official statistics of The Department of Foreigners. The legal situation of foreigners is varied depending on the country of origin and the reasons for their residence on Polish territory. The Department of Foreigners is responsible for the organization of health care fo pelple waiting for a decision of international protection. Persons who are legally in Poland can be insured on the same terms as Polish citizens. Those in the most difficult legal situation are the undocumented migrants. It is necessary to provide easy access to information concerning the regulation of health care - both for migrants and medical workers. The problem concerning the refund for medical help for uninsured migrants in case of a threat to life and health, should be solved. Full access to health care for children and pregnant women, regardless of their nationality, should be ensured.
Selected family policy solutions in the development of foster care - In theory and in the opinion of the practitioners (23) Socio-cultural changes in our country have created new needs and challenges and, in consequnce, they have initiated reforms of the care system. Reforms have so far focused on the development of family forms of foster care and the minimization of participation in children's care education institutions. Analyses of the information contained in the latest regulations were enriched with the material obtained through Internet research such as thematic forums, chat rooms and social networking sites in the group of social workers. The questions concerned a number of solutions proposed in the Family Support and Foster Care System Act, i.e. the support family, the family support coordinator, including the coordinator and social worker cooperation.
Estimates of social minimum baskets for March and June of 2017 (26) The article presents estimates of social minimum baskets - defined as a model allowing the minimum level for social integration of households - in prices of March and June of 2017. In March, the value of baskets increased from 1.6 % (2 persons at the retirement age) to 2 % in case of 4-person households, with older children. In June, the minimum baskets increased from 0.5 % in a single-person household (pensioner) to 1 % in a two-person house-hold of working age.
From research and studies
Factors of employment of foreigners in companies. Execute demand vs. potential demand (on the example of research from opolskie voivodeship) (29) The paper provides selected conclusions of the foreign employees demand study. This research, in which 263 companies were investigated, was carried out in the Opolskie Voivodeship. It was a unique study in the region, it included interviews with both: employers with employment of foreigners experience and those who didn't use such labour. The aim of the research was to find out the reasons of foreigners employment and factors which could encourage companies to look for workers from aboard. Its goal was also to recognize why business in the region still do not employ foreigners very often. The acquisition of the potential and realised demand of foreigners was the lack of staff with needed skills. Among those who still do not employ foreigners but considering doing this, the decisive cause could be the shortage of employees ready to take the job with proposed wage.
Social Policy abroad
Six-hour working day in Sweden: Premises, measures, and results (34) The article presents findings of different measures of working time reduction in Sweden. These include the introduction of a six-hour working day in the elderly care centre in Svartedalen. Premises and effects of this trial were discussed and possibilities for working time reductions in the future were outlined. The results of the Svartedalen experiment confirm the positive impact of a shortening of working hours on employees' health experiment. The discussion led to the conclusion that institutional settings in Sweden were conductive to working time reductions and that further initiatives of this kind are possible through local initiatives.
Employees in the labour market - Assessment of the situation of the eastern and western Europe perspective (39)