Bezpieczeństwo Pracy - nauka i praktyka 2018/02

  • Local reports (2)
    • The next edition of FIRST TEAM, HOMING and RETURN
    • Innovation to reduce air pollution
    • Science promoters 2017
  • Energetic mind (3)
    The SILO system is a Polish invention whose essence is the optimization of continuous processes taking place in large-scale industrial facilities. The inspiration for its creation was the action of the human body, and now the whole concept is in a sense a circle, because advanced works on application in the artificial intelligence system are underway at the Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering of the Warsaw Polytechnic. This is a breakthrough solution that was the only one of our country to be presented in the pavilion "Energy Best Practices Area" during the EXPO 2017 in Kazakhstan.
  • On the path to safety (4)
    As it results from the fourth edition of the Safe Workers' Coalition, which culminates in the publication of the "Work Safety in Poland 2017" report, Polish entrepreneurs are ready to invest in occupational safety mainly due to economic benefits resulting from the provision of safe conditions for performing official duties.
  • Occupational stress of medical staff at psychiatric and addiction treatment wards – a review of research (6)
    Stress at work is a major problem in the area of health and safety, as recent EU-OSHA studies show. The consequences of stress at work are felt by both employees (including mental health problems, depression, cardiovascular and musculoskeletal diseases, diabetes) as well as enterprises (including sickness absence, employee turnover, productivity drop). Most managers are aware of the stress in their companies, but few companies have procedures to deal with stress in the workplace. The article presents a review of research on the causes of stress in the work of medical staff of psychiatric wards and addiction treatment in direct contact with the patient, which is classified as a category of work of a special nature, where exposure to stress is part of its specificity.
  • Modeling occupational health and safety management systems with fuzzy cognitive maps and leading indicators: a theoretical approach (11)
    In order to improve the effectiveness of the occupational health and safety management system, in many companies a set of result and lead indicators is used to measure individual processes in this system. On the basis of the values of indicators recorded in a given period, preventive actions are planned. They consist primarily of improving the implementation of processes in such a way that in the next period they achieve the assumed values of indicators in areas where the currently recorded values were not satisfactory. The article presents the method of fuzzy cognitive maps, which offers the possibility of wider use of information contained in the values of indicators. This method assumes the development of the system model in the form of a set of elements forming the system and mutual interactions between these elements. Using a mathematical formula, you can determine the values of individual elements of the model, and then predict their future values. Unfavorable forecasts are the basis for undertaking preventive actions in the modeled system. Using the fuzzy cognitive map method, you can develop a model of OSH management system. The elements of the model will be individual processes and the level of security. Values of resultant and leading indicators will be used to calculate the values of these elements. Forecasting using such a model could significantly support the enterprise in improving the effectiveness of the OSH management system.
  • Health risks of a sales assistant at work (16)
    3.6 million people work in the trade sector in Poland, or 26% of all employees. Almost two thirds of trade employees are women. The sector also offers many jobs for young people, just entering the labor market, and for people with lower qualifications. The seller's profession belongs to a group of service professions. The burden of an employee employed as a seller in retail trade depends both on the store industry, the scope of activities performed, working conditions and the size of the commercial unit. In large facilities, there is a division of tasks between individual employees. In smaller stores, one employee must be able to do all or most of the activities. Types of loads typical for the work of sellers, i.e lifting and transferring heavy weights, performing work in a forced body position, repetitive movements and stress accompanying work are the cause of many lesions, especially within the musculoskeletal system, circulatory system and nervous system.
  • Analysis of hazards associated with injuries to the employee’s head during fall arrest (20)
    Falling from height is one of the most serious threats faced by people in the working environment in Poland. This applies mainly to work positions in industries such as construction, energy, mining, warehousing, etc. One of the basic methods of securing employees in such conditions is the use of individual equipment to protect against falls from heights. This choice carries specific hazards associated with the operation of the equipment while stopping the fall. One of the most serious threats is to hit the elements of the workstation while stopping the fall connected with the swinging movement. The article presents the conditions for the formation of a swinging movement while stopping falling from a height and the positions that a person with safety harness can take then. Based on the results of the tests in which the anthropomorphic mannequin was used, the potential effects of hitting the head against an obstacle during the swing motion were evaluated. Methods of protection against the formation of pendular motion and methods of mitigating the effects of collision with obstacles within the workplace were defined. The article presents the basic requirements for protective helmets intended for simultaneous use with individual fall protection equipment.
  • BEZPIECZNIEJ webpage – a compendium of knowledge helping in the prevention of physical hazards of work environment (24)
    Physical hazards such as noise, mechanical vibrations, electromagnetic radiation, non-laser optical radiation or the microclimate of the working environment are common in the work environment. Performing professional activities in the risk of these factors in the absence of appropriate prophylaxis leads to the formation of occupational diseases. One of the elements of such prevention is to provide both the employers and employees with elementary knowledge and skills in recognizing and avoiding threats caused by these factors. Occurrence of harmful factors in the work environment obliges employers to meet a number of legal requirements in the scope of measuring, assessing and reducing or eliminating occupational risk. Helpful in this area can be developed and developed in the CIOP-PIB website "Safer", which is a constantly updated compendium of knowledge about physical factors of work environment hazards. The article characterizes the content of the website and presents plans related to its development.
  • Labor Protection Council in session (28)
    • Countermeasures to serious industrial accidents
  • Latte notes (29)
  • Changes in law (30)
    • Examination and certification of personnel in the field of fluorinated greenhouse gases and controlled substances - new regulations
    • Minimum technical equipment suitable for performing activities covered by the personnel certificate for fluorinated greenhouse gases and controlled substances - a new regulation
  • Answering our readers’ (31)
    • Are there any changes to the creation, termination and reinstatement of the disability pension right from 1 December 2017?
    • What are the changes in the rules for restoring the right to a pension?
    • What benefits are due to an accident at work or an occupational disease?
  • Reports from abroad (32)