Praca Socjalna (Social Work) 2017/06

  • On the centenary of the issue of "Social Diagnosis" - between tradition and change in thinking about social work standards (5)
    The article contains an analysis of the publication of Mary Richmond, published in 1917 entitled Social Diagnosis, recognized as the first textbook of professional social work, today belonging to the classics of this discipline. The considerations taken up in the study concern the up-to-date issues of social work and tasks posed before the professional approach to social assistance taken in the publication. In the wider context, the 100th anniversary of the publication Social Diagnosis prompts reflection on the changes that have taken place within the social sciences in relation to contemporary possibilities of recognizing the social situation of people threatened with exclusion.
  • Social assistance abroad
    • The need to study the life situation of homeless people in Macedonia. Presentation of the measurement tool (27)
      Homeless people, unlike other marginalized groups, are not a priority subject of social welfare in Macedonia. Their situation is subject to discussions usually during the winter, for the remainder of the year institutions and organizations involved in its implementation are silent. As shown by the existing, rather modest data on homelessness, it is experienced mainly by men. This does not mean, however, that there are no women among the homeless - they are, although they constitute only a small group. There are various reasons for staying without a roof over your head. The most frequently mentioned are: addictions, loss of property, mental illness, social orphanhood and growing up in care and educational institutions. In the case of women, divorce or prostitution. Under the influence of the phenomenon of refugees from the Middle East, of which about one million wandered through Macedonia in 2016, the research association for communication and development "PUBLIC" began research on the problem of homelessness. This research was also carried out because a narrow understanding of the phenomenon, limiting people without a home to only those who live on the street, suggested that in Macedonia there are not many homeless people. It was a misrepresentation. The article presents a tool used to measure homelessness, used by Macedonian humanitarian and non-governmental organizations, mainly by the Red Cross.
  • Research
    • Family assistants towards the proposed ethical principles of their profession. Attempt to identify the problem (37)
      The article attempts to analyze the approach of family assistants to selected ethical principles. The aim of the conducted research was also the diagnosis of the scope of inspiration appearing in the course of education. It has been assumed that values ​​are an important tool for people professionally assisting families, affecting the level of efficiency of the tasks performed. It turned out that the most important rule for the respondents was respect for the other person, and at the same time the vast majority of them came into contact with her during the education. The respondents also highly valued such principles as "treating the client as a partner and an expert on their own life", "working with family, not control" and "hearing a person". It seems that the principles recognized by the respondents as the most important in their work are at the highest positions in the hierarchy also among theoreticians who deal with the issue of professionalization of family assistants. The study presents only the axiological frameworks for practicing family assistantships, which undoubtedly require further in-depth research. The purpose of this article was to draw the attention of the circles related to family support to the professionalization of family assistants and to indicate professional ethics as an indispensable element in their work and decisive for its success.
    • Actions of social workers towards "mentally disturbed" clients (51)
      The subject of this article are interactive tactics of social workers used in working with "mentally disturbed people". The basis for the formulation of applications are studies carried out in a social assistance center, whose main purpose was the reconstruction of social workers' activities with people categorized as "mentally disturbed". The research material was collected and analyzed on the basis of grounded theory methodology; consisted of observation notes, conversations with social workers, employees' conversations with clients and co-workers. For six months, social workers were observed in the course of their daily work, with special emphasis on those who were "mentally disturbed".
    • Triad of determinants of the safety of social service employees: environmental determinants (74)
      Environmental determinants constitute the third group of factors determining the safety of social service employees. They are an important complement to the presented concept of the triad of safety determinants. They include the following factors: family environment, professional environment (work), social attitudes towards social services, social status and professional prestige, legal culture and safety culture. This catalog is open and flexible. Its capacity may increase in the course of the discourse on security issues for social service employees.
  • Education of social workers
    • The role of volunteering in shaping future professional competences in the field of social work (87)
      Volunteering is now becoming an important element of action in the public sphere, which requires qualitative transformations and the creation of new social responsibility. The characteristic features of volunteering are mainly related to the fact that the center of his interests is a person in need of help. Volunteering can also focus on supporting people in different crisis situations. And although the history of social assistance shows many examples of the relationship between volunteering and professional social work, a contemporary volunteer can not be identified with a social worker. Nevertheless, the social activity of students preparing for social fencings is of great importance for self-education and shaping the competences of professional and professional experience. Reflection on volunteering and its role in the field of education for social work can be treated as an element of discussion on education to democracy and to activity in public space in general. The subject of the article is a theoretical analysis of selected aspects of volunteering and professional social work, identifying possible similarities and differences between these forms of social action and underlining the role of volunteering in shaping professional competences in social work.
  • Good practices
    • Family Assistance: Systemic assumptions and their implementation at the Municipal Social Welfare Center in Kielce (103)
      Families experiencing difficulties in care and education remain in the particular interest of the family assistant. The result of the implementation of the plan of work with the family should be family integration, strengthening emotional ties between all family members, integration of the family with the environment in which she lives, as well as rebuilding the care and educational function.
  • Closer to the law
    • Protection of seniors concluding contracts and the legal institution of vices declaration of intent (123)
      The article concerns one of the weaker social groups that are older people. As is well known, many of them are often unable to adequately meet their needs or protect their rights. The text discusses the issue of concluding various types of contracts (eg consumer) by seniors. The literature emphasizes that seniors are a social group discriminated against in Poland, which sometimes even results in their social exclusion. Nowadays, numerous unfair market practices towards seniors are increasingly noticed, therefore the article contains considerations about whether the law in force in Poland always adequately protects them in this aspect. The content of legal provisions in force in Poland as well as judicial decisions and legal literature have been analyzed, which play an auxiliary role in the correct interpretation of legal provisions. The most attention is paid here to the institution of defects in the declaration of will. The article also contains references to the possible application of this institution to the senior's evasion of the legal consequences of transferring the property (house, flat). In addition, the need to take specific measures that would strengthen the legal protection of seniors and the important role of social work in this matter was emphasized.
  • Bookshelf
    • Personal resources and health expectations of Polish seniors (139)
  • Notes about the authors (145)
  • Reviewers 2017 (147)

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