BHP w Firmie (Work safety in the company) 2020/228
Category: BHP w firmie
Published: Thursday, 01 October 2020 14:16
Written by Editor
- Subject of the issue: Offenses in the field of occupational health and safety and the role of a labor inspector - selected issues
The Labor Code is a minimum "standard", or rather a set of rights and obligations, regulating the relationship between the employer and employee - also in the field of technical safety at work. The code regulations are supplemented by numerous executive regulations in the field of occupational health and safety. In a situation where the employer does not comply with the provisions - both the basic source of labor law and executive acts, he is exposed to the risk of criminal liability. Inspectors of the National Labor Inspectorate are authorized to prosecute offenses against the rights of employees.
- Actions against COVID-19 under the microscope of the National Labor Inspectorate
The priority is the health and life of Poles. Inspections by labor inspectors are carried out with concern for the safety of employees. Especially in the current situation, it is important to follow the safety rules. The epidemic situation is still serious, so it is so important that everyone adheres to sanitary guidelines and obey the valid ones.
- Two-year EU-OSHA campaign - "Health and Safe Workplaces - Carry Your Mind"
EU-OSHA's "Healthy Workplaces" campaigns aim to raise awareness of safety and health in the workplace. The message of these campaigns is clear: “Safety and health at work is everyone's concern. It's good for you. Good for the company. " Therefore, promoting activities related to this issue also has a business value. The campaign announced for 2020-2022 aims both to raise awareness of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and the negative effects on individuals, businesses and society, but also to promote cooperation to provide effective measures to prevent these common conditions.
- Occupational risk assessment at the workplace: cook
The key element that enables the creation of an efficient health and safety management system in the company is the occupational risk assessment, which must be preceded by a reliable identification of threats. Occupational risk is closely related to a specific work environment. For the same positions, but under different working conditions, the hazards and level of risk may be different. Therefore, it is very important to correctly determine what threats are present at the workplace, and whether the applied remedial measures are sufficient to prevent them. We present the occupational risk assessment at the chef's workplace. The material was prepared on the basis of the Risc Score method.
- Diagnosis of an occupational disease and documenting the period of exposure to a harmful factor
When diagnosing occupational diseases, an important aspect should be taken into account the time conditions and the period of exposure of the employee to a given harmful factor. On the other hand, the employer is obliged to properly document the employee's exposure period to a given harmful factor present in the work environment in occupational exposure assessment cards. When an employee applies for recognition of a given disease as an occupational disease, the employer should demonstrate that specific measurements of environmental harmful factors have been made, as well as that the appropriate documentation of these measurements is prepared. The employer should not divide the employees subject to these factors into blue-collar and non-manual positions. In one of the judgments of the Provincial Administrative Court in Gliwice, it also stated that the diagnosis of an occupational disease in an employee or former employee may take place during the period of his employment in occupational exposure or after termination of work in such exposure, provided that documented disease symptoms occur in the period specified in the list of occupational diseases.
- The issue of exceeding the NDS is irrelevant for the diagnosis of occupational disease
According to Art. 2351 of the Labor Code, an occupational disease is a disease included in the list of occupational diseases if, as a result of the assessment of working conditions, it is possible to conclude, or with a high probability, that it was caused by factors harmful to health occurring in the work environment or in connection with the manner of performing work, known as occupational exposure. The above provision does not make the occurrence of an occupational disease conditional on exceeding the NDS indicators at the workplace or in the enterprise. According to the position of the Supreme Administrative Court, even though the maximum allowable concentrations of harmful factors (NDS) are not exceeded, it is possible to identify an occupational disease if the employee at his workplace was exposed to harmful factors that caused the disease.
- Internal control of working conditions as the basis for the health and safety analysis in the company
Pursuant to § 2 para. 1 point 3 of the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of September 2, 1997 on the occupational safety and health service, the scope of the health and safety service includes the preparation and presentation to the employer, at least once a year, of periodic health and safety analyzes. These analyzes should include proposals for actions aimed at preventing threats to life and health of employees and improving working conditions. The basis of periodic analysis is the control of working conditions in the company, for which you need to thoroughly prepare. What to look for? What information should be included in the internal control protocol and what should be its scope?
- Take care of a safe workplace for a fitter of household appliances
The work of the fitter of household appliances, such as refrigerators, washing machines, cookers, takes place in the factory on the production line. An employee at this workplace performs many activities, such as screwing elements together using electrical devices, using adhesive or sealing compound, and also transports individual elements of devices for assembly. All these activities entail numerous dangers for the people performing them. In order for this work to be safe, the employee must first of all familiarize the employee with the occupational hazards that may occur, but also properly organize the workplace. See the article below for tips on how to do this.
- Electric winch - do you need special qualifications?
The employee will perform work using a 230 V electric winch with a load capacity of 120 kg. Is it enough to read the assembly and operating instructions or is it necessary for the employee to have special qualifications to operate such equipment?
- Can an insect bite be considered an accident at work?
While working, the employee was bitten by an insect in the face. After a medical consultation, he received documentation with a description that it was a bite by a non-poisonous insect. Can an insect bite be considered an injury according to the definition of an accident at work? The employee received a sick leave for 5 days.
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