Aura - Ochrona Środowiska (AURA Environmental Protection) 2020/10

  • "Zero-emission Poland 2050" report
    According to scientists, it is possible to avoid a climate catastrophe by achieving global climate neutrality, i.e. a balance between the emission and absorption of greenhouse gases. In all sectors of the economy, efforts should be made to reduce greenhouse gases so that the global temperature rise on Earth does not exceed 1.5°C. This is confirmed by the latest report entitled "Zero-emission Poland 2050", published in September by WWF Poland. The study is another voice in the discussion on one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century - climate change.
  • Nitrogen transformations in soil - properties of forest soils in the vicinity of Zakłady Azotowe Kędzierzyn
    The purpose of the soil research was to determine the impact of Zakłady Azotowe Kędzierzyn on the properties of forest soils in their immediate vicinity. The properties of forest soils were compared to those of an area five kilometers to the east. It was found that the soils in the immediate vicinity of the plant are characterized by a greater accumulation of organic matter. The concentration of nitrogen in the form of nitrate was 16-36 times higher than in the soil distant from the plant. Additionally, a reduction in the C/N ratio was found in the levels of caries accumulation.
  • Leek cultivation and its nutritional values, health-promoting and healing properties
    Leek is a plant with relatively high soil and water requirements, and low heat requirements. It responds well to fertilization, especially organic. It can be grown from sowing seeds directly into the ground or from a seedling which is labor intensive but provides a better quality of the crop. Leek is a species characterized by a very long growing season, therefore it is exposed to significant competition of weeds over a long period. However, it is much more resistant to diseases and pests. In the protection of leek, various non-chemical methods of protection against pests and recommended plant protection products are used. Leek has health-promoting and healing properties, it is low in calories and thanks to the content of vitamins, minerals and many antioxidants it can be used, among others. in the diet of people with cardiovascular diseases, digestive system, urinary tract
  • Judgment of the Court of 16 July 2020 on a conflict of interest in the construction of a road affecting a Natura 2000 site in Italy, C-411/19
    From the case law of the Court of Justice of the EU
  • Private property in forests
    The privatization of the Polish forestry sector has been called for on various occasions. Politicians would like to satisfy various property claims in this way, while supporters of environmental protection would like to break the monopoly of National Forests. Postulates of this type, however, disregard the problems related to the fact that only wood production can be easily commercialized. The other benefits provided by forests require solutions that are much more complex than simple privatization
  • Solar heating installations (II)
    In the next article on water and air heating with the use of a solar thermal installation, I present several technical solutions for heating installations. Heating installations with the use of solar collectors and air heat pumps in farms are increasingly used. I participated in the design and installation of a heating system in a farm near Miechów. The scheme of the installation is presented in Fig. 3. I believe that such technical solutions are energy-efficient and financially profitable (after co-financing from the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management) for the farmer.
  • Jubilee of the XXXVth Anniversary of the Ecological Knowledge Olympiad and research work of the best finalists
    The world is a wonderful gift from almost almost, and no computer can replace it. So don't forget grown man, Let us follow his gifts. Leave us a clean piece of the world. Leave us the brook clean, leave us the forests and gardens in flowers… Marek Grechuta.
  • Smog consumes the village of Janowo
    There are many environmental problems in rural areas in Poland. One of them is smog (...). Unfortunately, the problem of smog is most often noticed in urban agglomerations, in the vicinity of industrial or heating plants. In these places, we also focus on pollution measurements, air monitoring and take all corrective measures. There are no such activities in rural areas. It is this problem that I dealt with in my research work entitled "Smog consumes the village of Janowo", prepared for the district stage of the XXXV Olympiad of Ecological Knowledge. For several years I have been living in the village of Janowo, 7 km away from Elbląg. I have noticed that, unlike city dwellers, the problem of poor air quality affects rural residents throughout the year.
  • Air protection against harmful emissions of pollutants, mainly from obsolete heat sources in households
    I am lucky to live in a very picturesque area. As residents, we try to prevent harmful human activities, we care for forests, waters, animals - everything that is tangible and visible to the eyes. But what about air? This is where the topic I am working on appears: protecting the air against harmful emissions of pollutants, mainly from obsolete heat sources in households. I took up this issue because human health is my priority.
  • Protection and management of water resources in Hajnówka
    In the work done for the XXXV Olympiad of Ecological Knowledge, I dealt with one of the most important environmental problems today, which is water scarcity and improper water management. Climate anomalies, which have appeared more and more frequently recently, do not have a positive effect on the amount of available water. I noticed that this problem is dear to me, because it also occurs in my place of residence, which is Hajnówka - a brother to the Białowieża Forest. After talking to the residents, I realized that although so much is being done to promote the right patterns of behavior to protect the environment, the problem of ignorance and unconsciousness occurs in smaller towns. Stereotypes are deeply rooted in human consciousness. However, people are open and ready for changes, you just need to give them interesting ideas and make them aware of how much they can do in their households to protect water resources on our planet. Also, the introduction of subsidy programs, which are already becoming increasingly available, can help local governments. Despite the modernized, modern water supply and sewage system, using new technologies, due to climate change and human ignorance, there is still a water deficit in my city.
  • Pollution and the state of the waters of Lake Trzesiecko
    Lake Trzesiecko is a medium-sized ribbon lake with a post-glacial origin and an area of approx. 300 ha, located in Szczecinek in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship, on the border of the Szczecinek Lake District and the Drawskie Lake District. Due to its location in the center of a city with a population of 40,000, the lake is subject to high anthropopressure and burdened with municipal, agricultural and industrial pollution. On the basis of the current literature, my own observations and photos, the paper describes the effects of: The hydrological connection of Lake Trzesiecko with the eutrophied Lake Radacz, which in the past was regularly loaded with municipal sewage.
  • The problem of asbestos - what is it and how to solve it
    Research work entitled "The problem of asbestos - what it is and how to solve it" touches on the problem of harmful asbestos, which is widespread especially in villages. The paper presents: characteristics, types, application, impact and utilization of asbestos. There is also a questionnaire examining residents' knowledge about asbestos.
  • Material
    The title of the book is dramatic - "Porąb i spal". Its author, Norwegian journalist, Lars Mytting, despite the title, does not evoke bad feelings and critical opinions. On the contrary, he is considered an expert and a great lover of wood. On the cover, he writes: “Many things can be obtained from nature, but working with wood always gives special satisfaction. Unlike catching fish, hunting or picking berries, in this case the effect is practically guaranteed. It's a decent job. There is probably no other activity whose path from effort to result is shorter. ”It is a confession as universal as it is timeless. It has always been so. The wheel was wooden, a club and a javelin of wood, Kon-Tiki of Polynesian balsa, and the Trojan Horse was made of fir boards.
  • Soils and climate change
    It was not until the end of the 18th century that science recognized the importance of soil life. Until today, soil biology studies are poorly developed. Although soils store an enormous amount of carbon, modern climate models take little account of the impact of soils on climate change. Soil experiments in temperate and boreal forests have shown that they release large amounts of CO2 as temperature increases. Similarly, in tropical soils, a rise in temperature releases 55% more CO2. Scientists estimate that by 2100 65 billion tons of carbon could be released into the atmosphere from tropical soils alone - more than six times more than the annual emissions from all anthropogenic sources.
  • Changes in the construction law and nature protection
    Question: What is the significance for the interpretation of Art. 188 of the Criminal Code have the most recent amendments to the Construction Law act, consisting in contraventionalization of construction lawlessness?
  • Technological curiosities from the world
    Portable Wind Turbine Most of the gusts of wind above the land surface are too gentle to move commercial wind turbines. Meanwhile, Chinese scientists have developed a small turbine that can harness the energy of the blasts generated by brisk walking. Their method is supposed to be a cheap way to use wind as a source of micro energy. The new device is not de facto a turbine, but rather a nanogenerator consisting of two strips of plastic in a tube that vibrate or come into contact with the flow of air. The method of acquiring an electric charge is like rubbing your hair on an inflated balloon. The generated charge is then captured and stored. A representative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences claims that literally any breath of air can be used in this way. During the experiment, a device was mounted on the hands of a passerby.

AURA Ochrona Środowiska (AURA Environmental Protection) - the whole list